The Fat Grackle

In discussions about health, why do we have to have phrases like, “Fat people need to exercise and eat healthy,” ? Aren’t conversations about health applicable to all individual’s, not just the fat ones?

A Twin Study of Human Obesity from The Journal of the American Medical Association

Abstract:

"Height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were assessed in a sample of 1974 monozygotic and 2097 dizygotic male twin pairs. Concordance rates for different degrees of overweight were twice as high for monozygotic twins as for dizygotic twins. Classic twin methods estimated a high heritability for height, weight, and BMI, both at age 20 years (.80,.78, and.77, respectively) and at a 25-year follow-up (.80,.81, and.84, respectively). Height, weight, and BMI were highly correlated across time, and a path analysis suggested that the major part of that covariation was genetic. These results are similar to those of other twin studies of these measures and suggest that human fatness is under substantial genetic control.

(JAMA 1986;256:51-54)

Albert J. Stunkard, MD; Terryl T. Foch, PhD; Zdenek Hrubec, ScD

JAMA. 1986;256(1):51-54. doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03380010055024.

 

 

 

Study here

 

 

An Adoption Study of Human Obesity from the New England Journal of Medicine

Abstract

We examined the contributions of genetic factors and the family environment to human fatness in a sample of 540 adult Danish adoptees who were selected from a population of 3580 and divided into four weight classes: thin, median weight, overweight, and obese. There was a strong relation between the weight class of the adoptees and the body-mass index of their biologic parents — for the mothers, P<0.0001; for the fathers, P<0.02. There was no relation between the weight class of the adoptees and the body-mass index of their adoptive parents. Cumulative distributions of the body-mass index of parents showed similar results; there was a strong relation between the body-mass index of biologic parents and adoptee weight class and no relation between the index of adoptive parents and adoptee weight class. Furthermore, the relation between biologic parents and adoptees was not confined to the obesity weight class, but was present across the whole range of body fatness — from very thin to very fat. We conclude that genetic influences have an important role in determining human fatness in adults, whereas the family environment alone has no apparent effect. (N Engl J Med 1986; 314:193–8.)

Albert J. Stunkard, M.D., Thorkild I.A. Sørensen, Dr.med., Craig Hanis, Ph.D., Thomas W. Teasdale, M.A., Ranajit Chakraborty, Ph.D., William J. Schull, Ph.D., and Fini Schulsinger, DR.MED.

N Engl J Med 1986; 314:193-198January 23, 1986DOI: 10.1056/NEJM198601233140401

 

The study

I hate it when people take other people&#8217;s works of art and defile it to be hateful. This work of art is from Leonard Nemoy&#8217;s, The Full Body Project.

Leonard is very disappointed in you.

I hate it when people take other people’s works of art and defile it to be hateful. This work of art is from Leonard Nemoy’s, The Full Body Project.

Leonard is very disappointed in you.

(Source: jaiunearaigneeauplafond)

(to whomever altered this art&#8230; because I don&#8217;t know for sure who did) I seriously doubt that you asked Tomas Kucerovsky if you could alter his piece entitled &#8220;Wrong Century&#8221;&#8230; but then again I seriously doubt that you even care. You were probably too busy thinking about how &#8220;absolutely hilarious&#8221; this fat shaming defacement was going to be to even consider the consequences. Congratulations on this fine example of assholery.
Here is the piece in its original glory&#8230; the way it was meant to be

(to whomever altered this art… because I don’t know for sure who did) I seriously doubt that you asked Tomas Kucerovsky if you could alter his piece entitled “Wrong Century”… but then again I seriously doubt that you even care. You were probably too busy thinking about how “absolutely hilarious” this fat shaming defacement was going to be to even consider the consequences. Congratulations on this fine example of assholery.

Here is the piece in its original glory… the way it was meant to be

(Source: theheroweneed)

I made this for anybody who wants to use it in the appropriate circumstance. Enjoy!

I made this for anybody who wants to use it in the appropriate circumstance. Enjoy!

Image: An Affront to my Sense by =lovelizzie from deviantart.com

Image: An Affront to my Sense by =lovelizzie from deviantart.com